Install and maintain Cygwin

This guide was tested under Windows 10. It should be work with other supported Windows Versions too.

Install Cygwin (without admin rights)

This documentation is based on Oliver Doepner's IT blog. Thank you for your work Oliver.

  1. Download setup-x86_64.exe.
  2. Open command line window (WIN+R and type cmd).
  3. Go to the download directory, e. g.:
    cd %USERPROFILE%\Downloads
  4. Run setup-x86_64.exe with the --no-admin option:
    setup-x86_64.exe --no-admin
  5. During installation select the wget package.
  6. After installation open a Cygwin Terminal via Windows desktop shortcut.
  7. If you are behind an internet proxy (for example on a company environment) create /etc/profile.d/ for internet access:
    #!/usr/bin/env bash
    export http_proxy=http://your.proxy.server:proxy_port
    export https_proxy=http://your.proxy.server:proxy_port
    export ftp_proxy=http://your.proxy.server:proxy_port
    export no_proxy=localhost,
  8. Now you need a file called /usr/local/bin/cyg-get. Downlaod it via
    wget -O /usr/local/bin/cyg-get
    Alternatively, you can also create the file yourself.
    #!/usr/bin/env bash
    # import proxy definition
    [[ -r /etc/profile.d/ ]] && . /etc/profile.d/
    readonly SUCCESS=0
    readonly ERROR=1
    readonly E_WRONG_ARGS=2
      cd /usr/local/bin
      [[ -e setup-x86_64.exe ]] && rm setup-x86_64.exe
      wget -q
      chmod u+x setup-x86_64.exe
      local all_parameters="$@"
      local params="--no-admin"
      local packages=
      while :; do
        case "$1" in
            params="${params} -q -P"
            # list of comma separated packages
            packages=$(echo $@|sed -e 's/\s\+/,/g')
            params="${params} ${packages}"
            params="${params} -q -x"
            packages=$(echo $@|sed -e 's/\s\+/,/g')
            params="${params} ${packages}"
            params="${params} -q -g"
          # Unknonw option
            echo "unknown option: $1"
            exit $E_WRONG_ARGS
          # Default case: If no more options then break out of the loop.
      run /usr/local/bin/setup-x86_64.exe ${params}
      exit $SUCCESS
    main "$@"
  9. Make the script executable:
    chmod ugo+x /usr/local/bin/cyg-get
  10. On the Windows desktop create a copy of the Cygwin terminal shortcut, rename it Cygwin Setup.
  11. Edit the shortcut target, replace:
    mintty.exe -i /Cygwin-Terminal.ico -
    mintty.exe -i /Cygwin-Terminal.ico /bin/bash -l -c 'cyg-get'
  12. Now test it and execute the desktop shortcut or run cyg-get from the Cygwin command prompt.

Cygwin Package Management

With the created script /usr/local/bin/cyg-get you can do package management on command line like in a linux environment. Alternatively, you could also use the pure command-line tool apt-cyg.

Install packages

cyg-get install package_1 package_2 ... package_n

Remove packages

cyg-get remove package_1 package_2 ... package_n

Update all packages

cyg-get update


The update option will first download a new version of setup-x86_64.exe and after that all packages will be updated.